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Literacy in Each Phase

Literacy in Foundation Stage

 

In Foundation Stage we use the synthetic phonics programme called 'Read Write Inc.' produced by Ruth Miskin.   Read Write Inc. is a method of learning centred on letter sounds and phonics, blending them together to read and write words using sounds that have been taught in their reading and writing.
From September their lessons consist of a 20 minute speed sound lesson. Each session begins with a Speed Sound lesson where the children either learn a new sound or review previously taught sounds.  The children will apply their phonic skills to reading words containing the sounds they have learnt.  They will also apply their phonic skills to help them learn to spell words containing the sounds they have learnt. .  Once they have learnt all of their initial (set 1) sounds they begin to be grouped by ability, so that the pace of the lesson matches the rate of learning for each child. 
When children are ready they then apply their phonic knowledge skills to read simple texts containing the sounds that they have learnt to help them practise their reading skills.  They will develop their comprehension skills by answering ‘find it’ questions about the book they have been reading.  They will also develop their storyteller voice by practising their reading using fluency and expression.
Lastly the children will apply their phonic skills in their writing.  The children will take part in various writing activities including practising their spelling, editing a sentence and they will learn how to write a sentence by ‘holding it in their head’ and then writing it down.  

As children enter the foundation stage they are encouraged to ‘mark make’ at every opportunity.  Writing materials are available to children within every one of our learning areas, including outside.  Many children begin by using felt tip pens so that they do not have to exert lots of pressure to make a mark.  Mark making can be: painting, colouring, chalking using a wide variety of sized resources. 
As soon as children have learnt their set 1 sounds we encourage them to apply their new skills within their child initiated learning, by providing them with as many writing opportunities as possible.  For example:  on sheets of paper with cars and trains, within the home corner and the role play, on the playground with chalks. We teach children to write lists and labels, and then as their writing skills mature, they are supported to write sentences.  Alongside this children are taught to apply their phonic skills to their creative writing within adult led lessons.  This may be using a book as inspiration or by choosing to write about a topic the children are interested in.   Our main aim is to provide children with the skills and confidence to independently write, demonstrating their skills consistently and accurately.  This ensures that they are ready to access the National Curriculum in year 1. 

 

Teaching Handwriting:

In Foundation Stage,  letter formation is linked to Read Write Inc. Phonics and is taught alongside each set 1 sound with a mnemonic to help children remember the correct formation and ensure that they start and finish each letter in the correct position.
Writing involves using a tool to make small, controlled movements so in Foundation Stage the children have daily opportunities to take part in fine motor activities such as cutting, threading, modelling, hammering, finger rhymes, sorting small objects, sticking, pattern-making & tracing to help develop their fine motor control.  These activities will be continued in Key Stage One where appropriate as well.
In Foundation the correct pencil grip is taught and encouraged as well as good posture when writing.  

 

 

 

Literacy in Key Stage One 

We make every second of Literacy teaching count!

In KS1 we continue to use the synthetic phonics programme called 'Read Write Inc.' produced by Ruth Miskin and begun in our Foundation Stage.   Read Write Inc. is a method of learning centred on letter sounds and phonics, blending them together to read and write words using sounds that have been taught in their reading and writing.
In KS1 we begin our day with an hour long Read Write Inc. session.  The children are grouped by reading ability and taught by a teacher or teaching assistant. At the end of each term the children will be assessed and put into new groups.


Each session begins with a Speed Sound lesson where the children either learn a new sound or review previously taught sounds.  The children will apply their phonic skills to reading words containing the sounds they have learnt.  They will also apply their phonic skills to help them learn to spell words containing the sounds they have learnt.

Then the children read a story or non-fiction book every day to help them practise their reading skills.  They will develop their comprehension skills by answering ‘find it’ or ‘prove it’ questions about the book they have been reading.  They will also develop their storyteller voice by practising their reading using fluency and expression.

Lastly the children will apply their phonic skills in their writing.  The children will take part in various writing activities including practising their spelling, editing a sentence and composing a longer piece of writing.


When children in KS1 complete Read Write Inc. Phonics programme they then begin RWI Comprehension which follows on from RWI Phonics and further develops children's comprehension, spelling and writing skills. It includes weekly modules covering fiction and non-fiction texts, all with a wealth of reading and writing activities. These sessions provide our children with a deeper understanding of what they read and enable them to become confident writers by exploring and creating interesting compositions.


Children who have completed Read Write Inc. Phonics also begin RWI spelling sessions.  The children have daily 15 minute sessions and take part in a range of teacher led, paired work and independent activities to help them become accurate and confident spellers.  The children have their very own spelling ‘Log Book’ for them to record the words from sessions they are finding hard to spell.

 

We then have a daily 30 minute themed based Literacy lesson where we complete activities based on the core strands of the National Curriculum. 

An example of a typical Literacy unit would be ‘Once Upon a Time’ which was based around Traditional Stories. The children read and explored lots of different stories, they used puppets to act out some stories and role played scenes from others.  We then focused on the story Hansel and Gretel.  We read Anthony Browne’s and Michael Morpurgo's versions, comparing and contrasting the similarities and differences in both versions.   We explored the structure and characters in the story.  We used shared writing and independent writing sessions to write the beginning and middle of Hansel and Gretel, a story the children were now very familiar with and finally the children planned and wrote their very own alternative endings with some very creative and imaginative ideas. 

 

Literacy in Lower Key Stage Two 

In LKS2 the children continue their Read Write Inc. sessions until they have completed the programme.  The children are grouped by reading ability and taught by a teacher or teaching assistant. At the end of each term the children will be assessed and put into new groups.

Each session begins with a Speed Sound lesson where the children either learn a new sound or review previously taught sounds. The children will apply their phonic skills to reading words containing the sounds they have learnt.  They will also apply their phonic skills to help them learn to spell words containing the sounds they have learnt.

Then the children read a story or non-fiction book every day to help them practise their reading skills.  They will develop their comprehension skills by answering ‘find it’ or ‘prove it’ questions about the book they have been reading.  They will also develop their storyteller voice by practising their reading using fluency and expression.

Lastly the children will apply their phonic skills in their writing.  The children will take part in various writing activities including practising their spelling, editing a sentence and composing a longer piece of writing.

For children who have completed the Read Write Inc. programme they then move on to Literacy and Language units.  It is a complete literacy programme rooted in the new national curriculum for children in Years 2 – 6 who can decode fluently. It develops children’s comprehension, vocabulary, writing, critical thinking and discussion skills and provides teachers with explicit guidance in how to teach grammar – in a fun and meaningful way.

Children learn what it is to be a real reader and to truly engage in the world of books.

They will have the opportunity to:

Enjoy powerful complete stories, poems and plays by authors both teachers and children love – including Michael Morpurgo, Jamila Gavin, Carol-Ann Duffy, Ted Hughes, Geraldine McCaughrean and Jeremy Strong
Learn how to get to the heart of a story or the nub of a non-fiction text
Learn to identify themes and ask universal questions.

 

Upper Key Stage 2

Read Write Inc. Literacy and Language is a creative writing, comprehension and spoken language programme for Years 3 to 6 that meets the requirements of the new curriculum and statutory assessments.
Literacy and Language which provides a natural progression from the children's learning experiences of Read, Write, Inc. Literacy and Language is a complete literacy programme for fluent readers and fully prepares every child for writing using a planning, drafting and revising method. The scheme also provides frequent opportunities to create articulate speakers where children justify their answers and learn how to debate. As the children progress through Key Stage Two they move towards a literature based curriculum whereby sustained whole class texts provide opportunities for personal response and empathy development with characters.

Literacy and Language:
•    Gives every child a deep understanding of what they read using the special 'three reads' approach
•    Fully prepares every child for writing using a planning, drafting and revising method
•    Teaches grammar in context so that children can apply it seamlessly in their own writing
•    Supports the grammar and punctuation aspects of the Key Stage 2 tests 
•    Includes practice tests to build confidence prior to statutory assessment
•    Creates articulate speakers where children justify their answers and learn how to debate
In a Literacy and Language unit reading is the main focus in week 1 where children have the opportunity to examine the text by predicting and analysing writer's intention, language and text meaning. In week 2 there is more of a writing focus for which we explore the writing process, including a key SPaG focus.  Week 3 of a unit has a non-fiction focus where reading and writing is combined.  Handwriting is reinforced through all of our writing, following our school policy of speed 1, 2 and 3 for the purpose of writing.
Every week children also have two 30 minute Guided Reading, SPaG and Handwriting sessions where key elements from the programme of study for English from the National Curriculum are covered.

 

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